While the warm weather and opulent lifestyle brought many of Europe's rich aristocracy to the shores of Southern France, Nice's priceless culture and inspiring beauty saw it become a favorite for world-renowned painters, writers and philosophers alike. Russian playwright, Anton Chekhov, resided in Nice for a time; and famed German thinker, Friedrich Nietzsche, spent six winters in the city while finishing his pivotal work, Thus Spake Zarathustra
While the literature produced along the Mediterranean is certainly without comparison, Nice itself has become particularly well-known for painters, artists and architects. This should come as no surprise given that the city, much like the countryside surrounding it, is as colorful as it is unique. Arguably the greatest artist of his generation, if not the 20th century, Pablo Picasso was notably captivated by the French Riviera. Starting in his twenties, Picasso lived and worked along France's Mediterranean coast, often drawing on the region for inspiration. After some time in Paris, he spent the last years of his life just west of Nice in the nearby commune of Mougins, painting as well as perfecting his work in sculpture and ceramics.